More On Our Work In Arizona
The world changed over the last year. We have a deeper understanding of how social inequalities threaten both lives and livelihoods. While every person is impacted by climate change, some communities bear a far higher burden due to exposure to toxic co-pollutants, environmental racism, and economic precarity that reduces resiliency to the impacts of climate change. There can be no environmental justice without addressing climate change.
There are two primary methods of greenhouse gas accounting:
•Consumption-based (also known as flow-based or load-based accounting)
•Production-based (also known as generation-based or resource-based accounting)
Eastern states’ distinctive model for greenhouse
gas accounting (the “East Coast Model”)
combines production- and consumption-based
accounting frameworks in parallel fashion within
three independent system operators (ISOs): PJM,
New York ISO, and ISO New England.
Regional markets have huge potential to create cost savings and efficiencies while also speeding decarbonization of the grid. A regional greenhouse gas accounting system is crucial for maximizing the benefits of a regional wholesale electricity market. Our aim here is to offer best practices and recommendations for a future greenhouse gas accounting system in a Western regional wholesale electricity market.
This issue we break down issues surrounding water scarcity in the West. Learn how WRA is helping save the Colorado River, spearhead innovative policy efforts at the intersection of water and energy, and using ourtanding waters designations to protect entire watersheds.
In this issue you’ll learn all about WRA’s work with wildlife corridors, why we’re tackling climate pollution from vehicles and buildings, and how one WRA supporter is helping WRA create a more diverse, equitable, and inclusive conservation workforce.
For the past 30 years, the advocacy and hard work of WRA’s dedicated experts and our passionate community of supporters have helped ensure a healthier, more wide-open, and wilder West.
From systematically working to transition from fossil fuels to clean energy, to protecting miles of rivers and habitat, we all can be proud of how we’ve helped protect this region. But this year has been like no other, and the challenges we face are increasing.
The Interior West is feeling pressure from every direction, and now more than ever, it’s on us all to ensure that the future we envision for this region stays within our reach. The most important way you can do this is by making sure you vote—and get everyone you know to vote.
Thirty years after we were founded, Western Resource Advocates has grown stronger, more nimble, and more effective—just when our communities need it most.
Recent changes in 2018 Farm Bill programs provide new opportunities to substantially reduce losses and conserve water through voluntary incentive measures that, if fully utilized, are essential to ensuring sustainability of the Colorado River.
Our 2018 annual report summarizes key successes we’ve made and a refined vision that charts a path to ensuring our vibrant communities in the West exist in balance with nature.
PG. 3 THE FUTURE OF REGIONAL ELECTRICITY MARKETS IN THE WESTERN INTERCONNECTION: ANALYSIS OF THE CALIFORNIA INDEPENDENT SYSTEM OPERATOR’S LATEST MARKET OFFERING IN THE CONTEXT OF RECENT FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION RULINGS
Jennifer E. Gardner
As most other regions of the country established regional electricity markets in the wake of FERC Orders 888, 889, and 2000, resulting in greater generator competition and wider transmission access through the establishment of Independent System Operators (“ISOs”) and Regional Transmission Organizations (“RTOs”), the West has remained in a largely balkanized operating paradigm with 38 Balancing Authorities (“BAs”) and relatively minimal coordination. There is only one regional market operating today in the Western Interconnection – the real-time Western Energy Imbalance Market (“EIM”). The EIM began market operations in November 2014 and is operated by the California Independent System Operator (“CAISO”).
This study estimated the costs and benefits of increased penetration of plug-in electric vehicles (PEV) in the state of Arizona, for two different penetration scenarios between 2030 and 2050.
Our 2017 annual report showcases our work throughout the year which remains grounded in our vision for the West as a region where vibrant communities exist in balance with nature.
In our Fall 2017 newsletter learn about our effort to connect half our Western landscapes for thriving wildlife and unparalleled opportunities to recreate.
Our 2016 annual report summarizes key successes we’ve made and a refined vision that charts a path to ensuring our vibrant communities in the West exist in balance with nature.
Jon Goldin-Dubois offers perspective on President Trump’s rollback of environmental protections and what the West can do to defend and advance the protection of land, air, and water.
This report provides immediate actions and longer term solutions for addressing Lake Mead’s falling water levels and for ensuring that Arizona’s agriculture, cities, Indian tribes, economy, and environment thrive in a future with less water.
WRA is working to ensure that electricity rates are smart for our wallets, our environment, our health, and our economy.
This study provides important information to the Verde Valley community on how wells in the area impact river and stream flow and on opportunities for well users to manage their water use to help keep rivers and streams healthy.
This first-of-its-kind report focuses on the extent to which water connection charges are encouraging watersaving design in new construction and landscaping before ground is broken.
In this study, Western Resource Advocates evaluated the revenue-generation potential and the water, electricity, and natural gas savings that public entities can realize using performance contracting in the Colorado River Basin states.
Identifies five innovative solutions that could eliminate Western water shortages stemming from the over-taxed and stressed Colorado River and meet the water needs of the West’s business, agricultural and growing population through 2060.
This report presents a credit-based carbon dioxide emission rate reduction program for existing power plants including model regulatory language.
This report articulates why and how Western utilities can achieve conservation synergy by integrating water and energy efficiency programs.
Practical methods for community organizations to advance energy efficiency and on-site renewable energy.
Domestic wells’ impact on Arizona aquifers and streams is not well quantified but important to water providers, cities and counties in meeting future water needs. This report provides a replicable methodology to estimate the conservation potential of domestic wells in the Sierra Vista Subwatershed.
Using case studies, this report highlights the close ties among energy, drought, and water use in the Intermountain West; clean energy policies that reduced the energy sector’s water use and exposure to drought; and, finally, recommendations for mitigating the impact of future droughts on the West’s energy sector.
This report shows that for the first time in 20 years, carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from the electric power sector have leveled off and have even begun to decline in the Intermountain West.
In this document, we highlight regulators’ and utilities’ efforts to integrate water into resource planning.
The enormous amounts of water used to generate electricity aren’t being taken into account when utilities make plans to meet future energy generation needs. This report lays out the facts of energy’s water costs and recommends ways to address them.
This report examines two options now confronting the West and how they could play out: the region chooses to invest in modernizing the grid moving toward a clean energy future, or it continues to spend money on the grid in a business-as-usual manner.
Local governments can reap the rewards of using solar energy by incorporating creative photovoltaic (PV) solar systems into public infrastructure.
This report by Western Resource Advocates and Environmental Defense Fund illustrates why legislation is needed to curtail the risk climate change poses to western water supplies and highlights the water-energy nexus. The report provides detailed measures to include in a well-designed national climate and clean energy policy that will safeguard the West’s water.
A thorough analysis of the water conservation activities of 15 communities in Arizona. The report looks at seven criteria to see what measures are effective in implementing community -based water conservation and why.
A tree planting program designed by WRA for Phoenix, AZ can reduce energy demand, increase quality of life, and serve as a template for other communities.
One out every four electricity customers in the nation gets their power from electrical co-ops or small electrical utilities. This report focuses on how these suppliers can create cost-effective, energy efficiency programs with robust community participation.
A close review of economic data reveals that potential economic benefits of oil shale are far different than what proponents claim.
Planning, Building, and Living Water-Smart strategies and model case studies for the arid Intermountain West.
To ensure the benefits of clean energy are fully realized, Westerners and resource managers must work together to develop the transmission network needed to link wind, solar and geothermal energy to existing grids and to ensure they have equal footing with fossil fuel sources. Some of the key planning principles to achieve this are outlined in this publication.